Wee Trip to Scotland — Culloden

The last battle.…

On 16 April 1746 the last batt­le to be fought on Bri­tish soil took less than an hour to reach its bloo­dy con­clu­si­on here on what is now know as Cullo­den Moor. It was not, as often por­tray­ed, a batt­le bet­ween the Scots and the English: lar­ge num­bers of Scotsfought on the Government side while the Jaco­b­ite army inclu­ded French units and some English Jaco­b­ites. Rather it was the last chap­ter in a spo­ra­dic civil war for suc­ces­si­on to the thro­ne that had been under way sin­ce 1688.(for more His­to­ric Infor­ma­ti­on have a visit on this Page ).So Cullo­den mar­ked the end of a spo­ra­dic civil war for suc­ces­si­on that had las­ted 60 years. But the bru­tal repri­sals and sup­pres­si­on of the High­lands that fol­lo­wed under the com­mand of the Duke of Cum­ber­land (“But­cher Cum­ber­land”) brought about the end of a way of life, and the end of a mea­ning­ful clan sys­tem.

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In less than an hour it was all over. Some 50 Government tro­ops had been kil­led and a fur­t­her 300 woun­ded. A much lar­ger num­ber of Jaco­b­ites and others had been kil­led during the batt­le. Many more were kil­led as they lay woun­ded on the battle­field or after being taken pri­so­ner. And the Government dra­goons dis­patched to hunt down fle­e­ing Jaco­b­ites roamed far and wide, indiscri­mi­na­te­ly kil­ling rebels, bystan­ders, spec­ta­tors, resi­dents and anyo­ne else who was wit­hin reach. It is esti­ma­ted that the total dead on the Jaco­b­ite side was around 1,250.

The Wall at the new Visi­tor Cen­ter is a remin­der of all the Men who died this Day. The Num­ber of fal­len on both sides are rep­re­sen­ted of pro­jec­ting stones in this wall.

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The ori­gi­nal farm­hou­se of Leanach sur­vi­ved the batt­le and has been res­to­red several times. The roof is hea­ther that­ched, a tra­di­tio­nal High­land craft.During the Batt­le of Cullo­den Leanach Cot­ta­ge was situa­ted in bet­ween the Government lines and it is likely the buil­ding would have been used as a field hos­pi­tal for the government men.

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The Memorial Cairn and some Headstones

Pos­si­b­ly the most reco­gnis­able fea­ture of the battle­field today is the 20 feet (6.1 m) tall memo­ri­al cairn, erec­ted by Dun­can For­bes in 1881 In the same year For­bes also erec­ted headstones to mark the mass gra­ves of the clans.

Memorial cairn

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Most tra­gic is the gra­ve of the ‘Mixed Clans’ – mem­bers who were so bru­tal­ly dis­fi­gu­red in the batt­le that their remains were uniden­ti­fia­ble. Their fami­ly name and clan ties fore­ver wiped out from histo­ry. As a reader of Dia­na Gabaldon‘s “Out­lan­der” the stone of Clan Fra­ser cau­sed me goose­bumps (fic­tio­nal or not..the Name alo­ne did his Job)

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It was a stran­ge fee­ling on this battle­field. When one sees how clo­se the tro­ops were, how many have died in this field, how much blood this soil has absor­bed while Cullo­den Moor is beau­ti­ful to look at. With the small water fur­row, the mar­shy ground you can actual­ly see what it has been for a tru­ly “dir­ty” batt­le. In some pla­ces the flo­ra loo­ked like from ano­t­her World.

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But you will always be remin­ded that you are on a battle­field. So for examp­le, through this wall, which was used by the Bri­tish as ambush.

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Here a Video with most of the High­lights and the music of Caper­cail­lie (Karen Mathe­son) — Cum­ha Do Dh‘uilleam Sio­sal, (see trans­la­ti­on below)


The Lone Piper (David Meth­ven) — Glengarry‘s Lament

Cum­ha Do Dh‘uilleam Sio­sal” lyrics trans­la­ted to English:

Lament for Wil­liam Chis­holm”
Oh young Charles Ste­wart
Your cau­se is the rea­son of my sor­row
You took from me ever­y­thing I had
In the war on your behalf
I am not mour­ning catt­le and sheep
But my part­ner
Sin­ce I am left alo­ne
With not­hing but my shroud
My bright young love

I am torn apart
And alt­hough I say it, it is no lie
My joy tur­ned to sor­row
Sin­ce you will not return from death
One of your wis­dom and under­stan­ding
Was not easy to find
And not one stood at Cullo­den
Of your appearan­ce and bra­very
My bright young love

You real­ly should visit this Place when you are in Scot­land. All Infor­ma­ti­ons can be found on the Site of the Natio­nal Trust of Scot­land.

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Heike Ginger Ba Written by:

|Human|Woman|Mother|Wife|Friend| Photographer| Blogger| |TV-Junkie|Photoshop-Beginner|Art-Lover|Cologne-based|Outlander-addict |Sherlockian |TWD-devoted

2 Comments

  1. Viviane
    June 1
    Reply

    Waaa­auw knap Hei­ke ??

    • Heike Ginger Ba
      June 2
      Reply

      Hi Vivia­ne

      yes..WAAAAUW is a good Word :). It was an real­ly impres­si­ve Visit…LG Hei­ke Gin­ger

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